Publications - Publikationer https://css.au.dk/publications?tx_pure_pure5%5Bcontroller%5D=Publications&cHash=e6524cd25fbbe2c16ab956af0a9ce329 en-us PURE Extension typo3support@science.au.dk (Web Department) 30 <![CDATA[Fodbold er data]]> https://css.au.dk/publications?tx_pure_pure5%5Baction%5D=single&tx_pure_pure5%5Bcontroller%5D=Publications&tx_pure_pure5%5Bid%5D=dba76837-a66a-4bff-90a8-a5615caf363a&tx_pure_pure5%5BshowType%5D=pub&cHash=13e0fea4285fa24b950c5b38d2faed99 Nielsen, K. H. Formidling Fri, 12 Apr 2024 20:33:07 +0200 dba76837-a66a-4bff-90a8-a5615caf363a <![CDATA[Operation flere babyer]]> https://css.au.dk/publications?tx_pure_pure5%5Baction%5D=single&tx_pure_pure5%5Bcontroller%5D=Publications&tx_pure_pure5%5Bid%5D=1cf61bd9-0783-4a13-8331-407396b9a11c&tx_pure_pure5%5BshowType%5D=pub&cHash=6014f61f3c0898762c2719dffdcf6b49 Nielsen, K. H. Formidling Fri, 26 Apr 2024 20:33:07 +0200 1cf61bd9-0783-4a13-8331-407396b9a11c <![CDATA[Normal science]]> https://css.au.dk/publications?tx_pure_pure5%5Baction%5D=single&tx_pure_pure5%5Bcontroller%5D=Publications&tx_pure_pure5%5Bid%5D=f2f87cd8-5056-4887-9907-86ba083da0bd&tx_pure_pure5%5BshowType%5D=pub&cHash=22b0273937845a836588008e33605efc Schindler, S. When Kuhn first published his Structure of Scientific Revolutions he was accused of promoting an “irrationalist” account of science. Although it has since been argued that this charge is unfair in one aspect or another, the early criticism still exerts an influence on our understanding of Kuhn. In particular, normal science is often characterized as dogmatic and uncritical, even by commentators sympathetic to Kuhn. I argue not only that there is no textual evidence for this view but also that normal science is much better understood as being based on epistemically justified commitment to a paradigm and as pragmatic in its handling of anomalies. I also argue that normal science is an example of what I call Kuhn’s program of revisionary rational reconstruction.

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Forskning Mon, 01 Apr 2024 20:33:07 +0200 f2f87cd8-5056-4887-9907-86ba083da0bd
<![CDATA[Predicting and describing the use of generative AI in science-related information search]]> https://css.au.dk/publications?tx_pure_pure5%5Baction%5D=single&tx_pure_pure5%5Bcontroller%5D=Publications&tx_pure_pure5%5Bid%5D=5e39a572-3892-467e-b8e6-be6d80e85064&tx_pure_pure5%5BshowType%5D=pub&cHash=1cbf519499bb5854001e975cacc6e8e4 Greussing, E., Guenther, L., Baram-Tsabari, A., et al. Forskning Mon, 01 Apr 2024 20:33:07 +0200 5e39a572-3892-467e-b8e6-be6d80e85064 <![CDATA[Using Reference Publication Year Spectroscopy (RPYS) to analyze the research and publication culture in immunology]]> https://css.au.dk/publications?tx_pure_pure5%5Baction%5D=single&tx_pure_pure5%5Bcontroller%5D=Publications&tx_pure_pure5%5Bid%5D=a8618d99-6427-43e7-ae30-f023f3bd86ea&tx_pure_pure5%5BshowType%5D=pub&cHash=c44e2e8831a80d7453052d578de9d836 Wray, K. B., Paludan, S. R., Bornmann, L., Haunschild, R. Forskning Thu, 02 May 2024 20:33:07 +0200 a8618d99-6427-43e7-ae30-f023f3bd86ea <![CDATA[Fysikerne mellem videnskab og politik]]> https://css.au.dk/publications?tx_pure_pure5%5Baction%5D=single&tx_pure_pure5%5Bcontroller%5D=Publications&tx_pure_pure5%5Bid%5D=16c022eb-296c-420d-836d-73d01fa279ad&tx_pure_pure5%5BshowType%5D=pub&cHash=e10a008f317179433b7fb1c0cf931eda Nielsen, H., Andersen, C. Formidling Mon, 01 Apr 2024 20:33:07 +0200 16c022eb-296c-420d-836d-73d01fa279ad <![CDATA[Correction to]]> https://css.au.dk/publications?tx_pure_pure5%5Baction%5D=single&tx_pure_pure5%5Bcontroller%5D=Publications&tx_pure_pure5%5Bid%5D=44ab0949-a3b9-4cac-8bc3-75a1dc426fd4&tx_pure_pure5%5BshowType%5D=pub&cHash=b15180845cb6ed3644d3f7d95231b469 Bornmann, L., Wray, K. B., Haunschild, R. In Bornmann, Wray, and Haunschild (2020, p. 1059), the term “like” was inadvertently included in the list of uncertainty terms. We did not use the term “like” for detection of uncertainty, and we did not intend to do so. The correct sentence should read: ‘The final set is as follows: “may”, “could”, “questions”, “might”, “potential”, “seems”, “perhaps”, “likely”, and “sometimes”.’ We apologize for any confusion this mistake might have caused.

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Forskning Tue, 01 Sep 2020 20:33:07 +0200 44ab0949-a3b9-4cac-8bc3-75a1dc426fd4
<![CDATA[Adapting to change: transforming research libraries into catalysts for citizen science in a rapidly evolving world]]> https://css.au.dk/publications?tx_pure_pure5%5Baction%5D=single&tx_pure_pure5%5Bcontroller%5D=Publications&tx_pure_pure5%5Bid%5D=151a1120-eff7-4952-bde1-98a8f36d535b&tx_pure_pure5%5BshowType%5D=pub&cHash=131160ec49863bd71eaf614e13ba7fbb Nielsen, K. H., Kaarsted, T., Overgaard, A. K., Okholm, A. L., Martek, A. Forskning Mon, 01 Jan 2024 20:33:07 +0100 151a1120-eff7-4952-bde1-98a8f36d535b <![CDATA[Forskere mod abort]]> https://css.au.dk/publications?tx_pure_pure5%5Baction%5D=single&tx_pure_pure5%5Bcontroller%5D=Publications&tx_pure_pure5%5Bid%5D=4aded3ad-b310-49f9-bdd1-dd92b55dedf6&tx_pure_pure5%5BshowType%5D=pub&cHash=482861b4c52be424b49d1c38db0e7a40 Nielsen, K. H. Formidling Fri, 15 Mar 2024 20:33:07 +0100 4aded3ad-b310-49f9-bdd1-dd92b55dedf6 <![CDATA[Problemet med Central Park]]> https://css.au.dk/publications?tx_pure_pure5%5Baction%5D=single&tx_pure_pure5%5Bcontroller%5D=Publications&tx_pure_pure5%5Bid%5D=cbe44b79-768a-4e21-8a48-e7cca181c302&tx_pure_pure5%5BshowType%5D=pub&cHash=785c5ee12d13d1ff7bb9d2a261b1277d Nielsen, K. H. Formidling Wed, 27 Mar 2024 20:33:07 +0100 cbe44b79-768a-4e21-8a48-e7cca181c302 <![CDATA[To the discerning reader: Galileo's philosophical comedy in a new translation]]> https://css.au.dk/publications?tx_pure_pure5%5Baction%5D=single&tx_pure_pure5%5Bcontroller%5D=Publications&tx_pure_pure5%5Bid%5D=6d95171c-742e-4e76-a7dd-54df6605c2d5&tx_pure_pure5%5BshowType%5D=pub&cHash=4bb2811a4d51a69d140eb78d8df1dcc7 Nielsen, K. Formidling Sun, 24 Mar 2024 20:33:07 +0100 6d95171c-742e-4e76-a7dd-54df6605c2d5 <![CDATA[Single, double and triple ionization of Ne, Ar, Kr and Xe by 30-1000 keV p<sup>-</sup> impact]]> https://css.au.dk/publications?tx_pure_pure5%5Baction%5D=single&tx_pure_pure5%5Bcontroller%5D=Publications&tx_pure_pure5%5Bid%5D=cac62833-d0a1-478e-b0d6-83f5cbf5144b&tx_pure_pure5%5BshowType%5D=pub&cHash=89ec3e6689a2ed1abadaf5e6dd3e9586 Paludan, K., Bluhme, H., Knudsen, H., et al. Experimental data for single, double and triple ionization of Ne, Ar, Kr and Xe by 30-1000 keV antiproton impact are presented and compared with existing proton data. It is found that the current phenomenological understanding of ionization developed from studies of light targets generally apply to heavy atomic targets as well. Inner-shell ionization followed by Auger decay is found to be an important channel for multiple ionization of the heaviest targets, and the projectile charge dependence of their multiple ionization cross sections must be understood as stemming from the underlying inner-shell ionization cross sections.

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Forskning Sun, 14 Sep 1997 20:33:07 +0200 cac62833-d0a1-478e-b0d6-83f5cbf5144b
<![CDATA[Experimental investigation of photon multiplicity and radiation cooling for 150 GeV electrons/positrons traversing diamond and Si crystals]]> https://css.au.dk/publications?tx_pure_pure5%5Baction%5D=single&tx_pure_pure5%5Bcontroller%5D=Publications&tx_pure_pure5%5Bid%5D=ab573d54-4bd3-4dc2-8d44-444e63ba256a&tx_pure_pure5%5BshowType%5D=pub&cHash=af5e574afb68fc900310ca1570e62eb2 Kirsebom, K., Medenwaldt, R., Mikkelsen, U., et al. Detailed experimental investigations of photon multiplicities for 150 GeV electrons/positrons traversing thin diamond and Si crystals have been performed. Along axial directions up to 10 photons are emitted in 1.5 mm diamond for a radiative energy loss larger than 4 GeV. This corresponds to a mean free path for photon emission of about two orders of magnitude shorter than in an amorphous target. This is in agreement with an enhanced radiative energy loss of ∼30 times that in amorphous targets. The strongly enhanced photon emission leads to radiation cooling which can result in particles exiting the crystal with a reduced angle to the axis. For incidences along planar directions the average multiplicity is still above one, even for the thinnest crystals used in the present experiment, so a single-photon spectrum can only be obtained for thicknesses ≤50 μm, which, on the other hand, is comparable to the coherence lengths for GeV photons, leading to destruction of the coherent effects.

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Forskning Tue, 01 Oct 1996 20:33:07 +0200 ab573d54-4bd3-4dc2-8d44-444e63ba256a
<![CDATA[Ionization in collisions between 30-1000 keV antiprotons and atomic hydrogen]]> https://css.au.dk/publications?tx_pure_pure5%5Baction%5D=single&tx_pure_pure5%5Bcontroller%5D=Publications&tx_pure_pure5%5Bid%5D=3e7c3cba-28c5-43d4-a128-992b9d5e0aad&tx_pure_pure5%5BshowType%5D=pub&cHash=bfbac9dc3950afb8d96a7ad8d9c217d6 Paludan, K., Charlton, M., Kirsebom, K., et al. Recently published data for impact of antiprotons in the energy range 30-1000 keV on atomic hydrogen are compared with analogous proton, electron, and positron measurements, and it is found that the ionization cross sections of atomic hydrogen follow the same pattern as similar cross sections obtained on He and H2 targets, in accordance with the general phenomenological description of single ionization that has developed over the last decade. Further comparisons are made with various recent and advanced theoretical calculations for antiproton ionization of atomic hydrogen. These theoretical results agree well with the data obtained, but for lower impact energies the different methods do not, despite the simplicity of the system, agree on predicting even the form of the cross section.

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Forskning Mon, 01 Jan 1996 20:33:07 +0100 3e7c3cba-28c5-43d4-a128-992b9d5e0aad
<![CDATA[Ionization of rare gases by particle-antiparticle impact]]> https://css.au.dk/publications?tx_pure_pure5%5Baction%5D=single&tx_pure_pure5%5Bcontroller%5D=Publications&tx_pure_pure5%5Bid%5D=77219248-3530-4d03-9032-28b769e5fb9e&tx_pure_pure5%5BshowType%5D=pub&cHash=8297274f8b866da934cd73b74fdba5c2 Paludan, K., Laricchia, G., Ashley, P., et al. New data for single and double ionization of the rare gases Ne, Ar, Kr and Xe, by positron and antiproton impact are presented and compared with existing data for electron and proton impact. It is found that the current understanding of these processes obtained from studies involving low-Z targets only extends to high-Z atoms provided that certain target-dependent effects are taken into consideration. In particular, the static interaction between the projectile and the undistorted target is found to play a crucial role in the case of the lighter projectiles.

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Forskning Sun, 14 Sep 1997 20:33:07 +0200 77219248-3530-4d03-9032-28b769e5fb9e
<![CDATA[Ionization of atomic hydrogen by 30-1000 keV antiprotons]]> https://css.au.dk/publications?tx_pure_pure5%5Baction%5D=single&tx_pure_pure5%5Bcontroller%5D=Publications&tx_pure_pure5%5Bid%5D=10a12f2c-a628-417e-8507-eee93ceaa0b2&tx_pure_pure5%5BshowType%5D=pub&cHash=893550aaca2601f092b7be532dd566cb Knudsen, H., Mikkelsen, U., Paludan, K., et al. Ionization in collisions between antiprotons and atomic hydrogen is perhaps the least complicated and most fundamental process that can be treated by atomic-collision theory. We present measurements of the ionization cross section for 30-1000 keV antiprotons colliding with atomic hydrogen.

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Forskning Sun, 01 Jan 1995 20:33:07 +0100 10a12f2c-a628-417e-8507-eee93ceaa0b2
<![CDATA[One and two electron processes in fast collisions between protons and hydrogen molecules]]> https://css.au.dk/publications?tx_pure_pure5%5Baction%5D=single&tx_pure_pure5%5Bcontroller%5D=Publications&tx_pure_pure5%5Bid%5D=a7e41f1e-6f3b-4486-a036-d932743adbda&tx_pure_pure5%5BshowType%5D=pub&cHash=a7aa53b3a943e81237807de083d10da5 Ben-Itzhak, I., Krishnamurthi, V., Carnes, K. D., Aliabadi, H., Knudsen, H., Mikkelsen, U. The ratio of double to single ionization of hydrogen molecules caused by fast proton impact was measured over a wide velocity range (v = 6-24 a.u.) using the coincidence time-of-flight technique. This ratio, ∼ 0.13% at high velocities, is about a factor of 2 smaller than the same ratio for the He target. This difference is due mainly to the larger single ionization cross section for hydrogen molecules, i.e. σ+(H2) ∼ 2 σ+(He). The double ionization cross section, on the other hand, is similar for both He and H2. Furthermore, the ratio of double to single ionization of the hydrogen molecule by proton impact is smaller than the one caused by electron impact at the same velocity in a similar way as for the helium target.

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Forskning Fri, 05 May 1995 20:33:07 +0200 a7e41f1e-6f3b-4486-a036-d932743adbda
<![CDATA[Measurement of the Barkas effect around the stopping-power maximum for light and heavy targets]]> https://css.au.dk/publications?tx_pure_pure5%5Baction%5D=single&tx_pure_pure5%5Bcontroller%5D=Publications&tx_pure_pure5%5Bid%5D=320f6806-53ce-4b29-8e92-17e1a5638d5b&tx_pure_pure5%5BshowType%5D=pub&cHash=9d6e3d74009b484087a763ba9e170d99 Møller, S. P., Uggerhøj, E., Bluhme, H., et al. The first direct measurements of antiproton stopping powers around the stopping power maximum are presented. The LEAR antiproton-beam of 5.9 MeV is degraded to 50-700 keV, and the energy-loss is found by measuring the antiproton velocity before and after the target. The antiproton stopping powers of Si and Au are found to be reduced by 30 and 40% near the electronic stopping power maximum as compared to the equivalent proton stopping power. The Barkas effect, that is the stopping power difference between protons and antiprotons, is extracted and compared to theoretical estimates.

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Forskning Wed, 01 Jan 1997 20:33:07 +0100 320f6806-53ce-4b29-8e92-17e1a5638d5b
<![CDATA[Ionization of helium and molecular hydrogen by slow antiprotons]]> https://css.au.dk/publications?tx_pure_pure5%5Baction%5D=single&tx_pure_pure5%5Bcontroller%5D=Publications&tx_pure_pure5%5Bid%5D=a9f27e75-1db3-4d32-b8e0-b099a77d6822&tx_pure_pure5%5BshowType%5D=pub&cHash=8108abe71b201b65c486f8d036959b8b Hvefplund, P., Knudsen, H., Mikkelsen, U., et al. Measurements of the cross sections for single and double ionization or helium as well as for the creation of H+2 and H+ ions from H2 for impact of antiprotons in the energy range 13-500 keV are presented. The results are compared with our earlier, less accurate data and with data for equivelocity proton impact. The single ionization cross section of helium agrees remarkably well with a continuum distorted wave (CDW-EIS) calculation. The ratio between the double and the single ionization cross sections of helium increases dramatically with decreasing projectile energy. New theoretical calculations are called for.

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Forskning Mon, 14 Mar 1994 20:33:07 +0100 a9f27e75-1db3-4d32-b8e0-b099a77d6822
<![CDATA[Non-dissociative single ionization of molecular hydrogen by electron and positron impact]]> https://css.au.dk/publications?tx_pure_pure5%5Baction%5D=single&tx_pure_pure5%5Bcontroller%5D=Publications&tx_pure_pure5%5Bid%5D=38e3dc4e-fe20-4777-904c-ea237f67fcf9&tx_pure_pure5%5BshowType%5D=pub&cHash=70fcd222dcb83912903443d80d09b723 Jacobsen, F. M., Frandsen, N. P., Knudsen, H., Mikkelsen, U. Present experimental results for impact ionization of molecular hydrogen by electrons and positrons for the range of impact energies from threshold to about 2 keV (0.42 keV for e). Our electron data agree with the most recent ones measured by others. When we compare our positron results to earlier published single ioniznrion cross sections we find significant differences for impact energies from threshold to about 100 eV with the new cross sections being substantially smaller. In the present study an effort has been made to discriminate against false signals caused by pasitronium formation and other effects.

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Forskning Tue, 14 Nov 1995 20:33:07 +0100 38e3dc4e-fe20-4777-904c-ea237f67fcf9
<![CDATA[Non-dissociative and dissociative ionization of O<sub>2</sub> molecules by impact of 40-1000 keV antiprotons]]> https://css.au.dk/publications?tx_pure_pure5%5Baction%5D=single&tx_pure_pure5%5Bcontroller%5D=Publications&tx_pure_pure5%5Bid%5D=780adb06-632d-4a0f-8343-c500e4c25fc4&tx_pure_pure5%5BshowType%5D=pub&cHash=f528338a48c5d91a946ca3c102f16e27 Bluhme, H., Knudsen, J., Mikkelsen, U., et al. The non-dissociative single-ionization cross section for 40-1000 keV antiproton impact on O2 molecules has been measured. Furthermore, the ratio between the production of O+ and O2+ ions was obtained. The experimental results agree qualitatively with similar data obtained previously for other molecular targets, and support the 'standard picture' of ionization that has emerged during the last decade after much experimental as well as theoretical work on ionization caused by particles and their antiparticles.

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Forskning Wed, 01 Jan 1997 20:33:07 +0100 780adb06-632d-4a0f-8343-c500e4c25fc4
<![CDATA[Ionization and excitation of hydrogen molecules by fast proton impact]]> https://css.au.dk/publications?tx_pure_pure5%5Baction%5D=single&tx_pure_pure5%5Bcontroller%5D=Publications&tx_pure_pure5%5Bid%5D=b0abd31f-2708-4dc5-913f-9c166f6fca81&tx_pure_pure5%5BshowType%5D=pub&cHash=ed05c81d8bf3e9749f034ad6ec025d5c Ben-Itzhak, I., Krishnamurthi, V., Carnes, K. D., et al. The ratio of ionization-excitation to single ionization of hydrogen molecules caused by fast proton impact was measured over a wide velocity range (v = 6-24 au) using the coincidence time-of-flight technique. This ratio, approx. 2%, is independent of the collision velocity at high velocities. It differs from the ratio of total H+ to H2+ production mostly due to a large contribution from the dissociation of the electronic ground state of the molecular ion. The dissociation fraction of H2+ (1sσ) was measured and compares well with our calculations using the Franck-Condon approximation.

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Forskning Mon, 01 Jan 1996 20:33:07 +0100 b0abd31f-2708-4dc5-913f-9c166f6fca81
<![CDATA[Direct measurements of the stopping power for antiprotons of light and heavy targets]]> https://css.au.dk/publications?tx_pure_pure5%5Baction%5D=single&tx_pure_pure5%5Bcontroller%5D=Publications&tx_pure_pure5%5Bid%5D=2013601d-adde-42bd-a5f4-67be79897957&tx_pure_pure5%5BshowType%5D=pub&cHash=3c924e80f572de084aaa11d6367dd768 Møller, S. P., Uggerhøj, E., Bluhme, H., et al. Measurements of antiproton stopping powers around the stopping-power maximum are presented for targets of Al, Si, Ti, Cu, Ag, Ta, Pt, and Au. The Low Energy Antiproton Ring antiproton beam of 5.9 MeV is degraded to 50–700 keV, and the energy loss is found by measuring the antiproton velocity before and after the target. Target thicknesses have been determined accurately by weighing and Rutherford backscattering techniques. The antiproton stopping powers are found to be reduced by around 35% for both light and heavy elements near the electronic stopping-power maximum as compared to the equivalent proton stopping power. The antiproton stopping powers and the Barkas effect; that is, the difference in stopping power between protons and antiprotons is compared to theoretical estimates, based on a harmonic-oscillator model and an electron-gas model, and good agreement is obtained.

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Forskning Wed, 01 Jan 1997 20:33:07 +0100 2013601d-adde-42bd-a5f4-67be79897957
<![CDATA[Electron capture and ionization of 33-TeV Pb ions in gas targets]]> https://css.au.dk/publications?tx_pure_pure5%5Baction%5D=single&tx_pure_pure5%5Bcontroller%5D=Publications&tx_pure_pure5%5Bid%5D=35ca651f-f84c-4c97-87b8-94ff3dafa553&tx_pure_pure5%5BshowType%5D=pub&cHash=40aa9cb1d6afb33d63f198df9250502c Krause, H. F., Vane, C. R., Datz, S., et al. The total cross sections for electron capture and ionization of 33-TeV Pb ions in argon, krypton and xenon gas targets were measured. Electron capture from pair production dominates the total capture cross sections. The ionization cross sections from capture experiment (growth) and ionization experiment (decay) curves were compared. The results depicted the effective ionization cross sections in solid targets to be 25% larger than in gases for ionization experiment.

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Forskning Thu, 01 Mar 2001 20:33:07 +0100 35ca651f-f84c-4c97-87b8-94ff3dafa553
<![CDATA[Månefeber]]> https://css.au.dk/publications?tx_pure_pure5%5Baction%5D=single&tx_pure_pure5%5Bcontroller%5D=Publications&tx_pure_pure5%5Bid%5D=fc27bda1-d677-4747-8594-9e65a3366206&tx_pure_pure5%5BshowType%5D=pub&cHash=7d866d312b2b5d6a248b53315f64327b Nielsen, K. H. Formidling Fri, 02 Feb 2024 20:33:07 +0100 fc27bda1-d677-4747-8594-9e65a3366206 <![CDATA[Professorens prutter]]> https://css.au.dk/publications?tx_pure_pure5%5Baction%5D=single&tx_pure_pure5%5Bcontroller%5D=Publications&tx_pure_pure5%5Bid%5D=b66a0219-fe95-41fe-ab77-8b9f3a16f780&tx_pure_pure5%5BshowType%5D=pub&cHash=1eb83f26b9ea83a1fd789864de68bc71 Nielsen, K. H. Formidling Fri, 16 Feb 2024 20:33:07 +0100 b66a0219-fe95-41fe-ab77-8b9f3a16f780 <![CDATA[Scientific and philosophical publication]]> https://css.au.dk/publications?tx_pure_pure5%5Baction%5D=single&tx_pure_pure5%5Bcontroller%5D=Publications&tx_pure_pure5%5Bid%5D=1acf2529-a4ec-4e17-8528-c793836bbf0d&tx_pure_pure5%5BshowType%5D=pub&cHash=5b6358790e5cc11dcbc4587a688fae30 Wray, K. B. Forskning Fri, 01 Mar 2024 20:33:07 +0100 1acf2529-a4ec-4e17-8528-c793836bbf0d <![CDATA[Predictivism and avoidance of ad hoc-ness: an empirical study]]> https://css.au.dk/publications?tx_pure_pure5%5Baction%5D=single&tx_pure_pure5%5Bcontroller%5D=Publications&tx_pure_pure5%5Bid%5D=d99ff957-2316-4547-8850-7a47c54da211&tx_pure_pure5%5BshowType%5D=pub&cHash=85f4913e3c2cb78eae898e8feda7e469 Schindler, S. Forskning Mon, 01 Jan 2024 20:33:07 +0100 d99ff957-2316-4547-8850-7a47c54da211 <![CDATA[Normal Science: not dogmatic or uncritical]]> https://css.au.dk/publications?tx_pure_pure5%5Baction%5D=single&tx_pure_pure5%5Bcontroller%5D=Publications&tx_pure_pure5%5Bid%5D=5282f1db-7610-4291-8acc-03b3170f83d6&tx_pure_pure5%5BshowType%5D=pub&cHash=b6c136791e1e546c70833f915dab9b09 Schindler, S. Forskning Mon, 01 Jan 2024 20:33:07 +0100 5282f1db-7610-4291-8acc-03b3170f83d6 <![CDATA[Beyond Footnotes: Lakatos's meta-philosophy and the history of science]]> https://css.au.dk/publications?tx_pure_pure5%5Baction%5D=single&tx_pure_pure5%5Bcontroller%5D=Publications&tx_pure_pure5%5Bid%5D=71392d21-300e-4e97-907d-537db16b9f71&tx_pure_pure5%5BshowType%5D=pub&cHash=70571704d3bb3aa32cfce75b9275411a Schindler, S. Forskning Mon, 01 Jan 2024 20:33:07 +0100 71392d21-300e-4e97-907d-537db16b9f71 <![CDATA[AI kan få forskningen ud af elfenbenstårnet – men også misinformere masserne]]> https://css.au.dk/publications?tx_pure_pure5%5Baction%5D=single&tx_pure_pure5%5Bcontroller%5D=Publications&tx_pure_pure5%5Bid%5D=60d424ff-47b9-4885-a5d8-bc8dce5641f3&tx_pure_pure5%5BshowType%5D=pub&cHash=6966dbba07ab798e734998e160d480a0 Fuglsang, S., Fage-Butler, A., Nielsen, K. H. Formidling Thu, 18 Jan 2024 20:33:07 +0100 60d424ff-47b9-4885-a5d8-bc8dce5641f3 <![CDATA[Uro i sindet]]> https://css.au.dk/publications?tx_pure_pure5%5Baction%5D=single&tx_pure_pure5%5Bcontroller%5D=Publications&tx_pure_pure5%5Bid%5D=db516c58-7d12-4808-91ff-c6db2881a1ed&tx_pure_pure5%5BshowType%5D=pub&cHash=fae68bfa47551663aac805ef0d2aecff Nielsen, K. H. Formidling Fri, 05 Jan 2024 20:33:07 +0100 db516c58-7d12-4808-91ff-c6db2881a1ed <![CDATA[En slagplan mod wokeness]]> https://css.au.dk/publications?tx_pure_pure5%5Baction%5D=single&tx_pure_pure5%5Bcontroller%5D=Publications&tx_pure_pure5%5Bid%5D=60c845dd-b7f5-4f91-8555-e586675d6a30&tx_pure_pure5%5BshowType%5D=pub&cHash=1c0449fa030b5d076a1830578379bfb9 Nielsen, K. H. Formidling Fri, 12 Jan 2024 20:33:07 +0100 60c845dd-b7f5-4f91-8555-e586675d6a30 <![CDATA[Editorial]]> https://css.au.dk/publications?tx_pure_pure5%5Baction%5D=single&tx_pure_pure5%5Bcontroller%5D=Publications&tx_pure_pure5%5Bid%5D=92fe28a7-0385-43c6-a2b4-652be5ff7139&tx_pure_pure5%5BshowType%5D=pub&cHash=22c92ddf49f782484dda1de7c1e86272 Boschiero, L., Wray, K. B. Forskning Sun, 01 Mar 2015 20:33:07 +0100 92fe28a7-0385-43c6-a2b4-652be5ff7139 <![CDATA[David Oldroyd 1936–2014]]> https://css.au.dk/publications?tx_pure_pure5%5Baction%5D=single&tx_pure_pure5%5Bcontroller%5D=Publications&tx_pure_pure5%5Bid%5D=15ff2aa6-6a9c-46e9-9d88-2856a8c9a8cf&tx_pure_pure5%5BshowType%5D=pub&cHash=3828e5b87e3a2d451528eca6ede6a9eb Boschiero, L., Wray, K. B. Forskning Sun, 01 Mar 2015 20:33:07 +0100 15ff2aa6-6a9c-46e9-9d88-2856a8c9a8cf <![CDATA[Metascience]]> https://css.au.dk/publications?tx_pure_pure5%5Baction%5D=single&tx_pure_pure5%5Bcontroller%5D=Publications&tx_pure_pure5%5Bid%5D=9142e1c4-de2e-4051-8a91-8e201f0394cb&tx_pure_pure5%5BshowType%5D=pub&cHash=fc609b5b61d9230da66592f887857379 Boschiero, L., Wray, K. B. Forskning Fri, 01 Jul 2016 20:33:07 +0200 9142e1c4-de2e-4051-8a91-8e201f0394cb <![CDATA[Supporting the “metascientific” community]]> https://css.au.dk/publications?tx_pure_pure5%5Baction%5D=single&tx_pure_pure5%5Bcontroller%5D=Publications&tx_pure_pure5%5Bid%5D=5ada28b5-4aa0-4e53-aa3f-171f70fac781&tx_pure_pure5%5BshowType%5D=pub&cHash=9284a1a0ea13885ae0db2b962c8fe1a4 Boschiero, L., Wray, K. B. Forskning Sun, 01 Nov 2015 20:33:07 +0100 5ada28b5-4aa0-4e53-aa3f-171f70fac781 <![CDATA[Resisting Scientific Realism]]> https://css.au.dk/publications?tx_pure_pure5%5Baction%5D=single&tx_pure_pure5%5Bcontroller%5D=Publications&tx_pure_pure5%5Bid%5D=809bc627-3e94-4550-82ea-0027f40260b3&tx_pure_pure5%5BshowType%5D=pub&cHash=319e7e1810a76910767023685303c3dd Wray, K. B. In this book K. Brad Wray provides a comprehensive survey of the arguments against scientific realism. In addition to presenting logical considerations that undermine the realists' inferences to the likely truth or approximate truth of our theories, he provides a thorough assessment of the evidence from the history of science. He also examines grounds for a defence of anti-realism, including an anti-realist explanation for the success of our current theories, an account of why false theories can be empirically successful, and an explanation for why we should expect radical changes of theory in the future. His arguments are supported and illustrated by cases from the history of science, including a sustained study of the Copernican Revolution, and a study of the revolution in early twentieth century chemistry, when chemists came to classify elements by their atomic number rather than by their atomic weight.

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Forskning Mon, 01 Jan 2018 20:33:07 +0100 809bc627-3e94-4550-82ea-0027f40260b3
<![CDATA[Suggesting reviewers affects outcome? [2] (multiple letters)]]> https://css.au.dk/publications?tx_pure_pure5%5Baction%5D=single&tx_pure_pure5%5Bcontroller%5D=Publications&tx_pure_pure5%5Bid%5D=b225d5a1-3636-41b8-b9af-39c3cae2a20a&tx_pure_pure5%5BshowType%5D=pub&cHash=573c99b4e0e7bae982c2e03c916911b6 Ackerley, D. F., Wray, K. B. Forskning Fri, 11 Nov 2005 20:33:07 +0100 b225d5a1-3636-41b8-b9af-39c3cae2a20a <![CDATA[Financial conflicts of interest worth knowing]]> https://css.au.dk/publications?tx_pure_pure5%5Baction%5D=single&tx_pure_pure5%5Bcontroller%5D=Publications&tx_pure_pure5%5Bid%5D=e742ca70-1d23-46de-875f-9b6a983da734&tx_pure_pure5%5BshowType%5D=pub&cHash=c6ae35a1cc5a6cffaa1d68e1e5f30e77 Wray, K. B. Forskning Fri, 01 Jan 2010 20:33:07 +0100 e742ca70-1d23-46de-875f-9b6a983da734 <![CDATA[Cognitive aging data will take time]]> https://css.au.dk/publications?tx_pure_pure5%5Baction%5D=single&tx_pure_pure5%5Bcontroller%5D=Publications&tx_pure_pure5%5Bid%5D=f113bd12-678c-4306-bd1d-83a512027fa1&tx_pure_pure5%5BshowType%5D=pub&cHash=0c453953f6a655d580ead8cd523b68bf Wray, K. B. Forskning Fri, 17 Jul 2009 20:33:07 +0200 f113bd12-678c-4306-bd1d-83a512027fa1 <![CDATA[The age-old question of researcher innovation [2]]]> https://css.au.dk/publications?tx_pure_pure5%5Baction%5D=single&tx_pure_pure5%5Bcontroller%5D=Publications&tx_pure_pure5%5Bid%5D=173fdb25-fc07-403e-a5fd-f7a27a929152&tx_pure_pure5%5BshowType%5D=pub&cHash=b627af0b056ad4b285a993f2f6051ec9 Wray, K. B. Forskning Fri, 07 Dec 2007 20:33:07 +0100 173fdb25-fc07-403e-a5fd-f7a27a929152 <![CDATA[A look behind the curtain]]> https://css.au.dk/publications?tx_pure_pure5%5Baction%5D=single&tx_pure_pure5%5Bcontroller%5D=Publications&tx_pure_pure5%5Bid%5D=624a827c-d0a0-498c-a0a2-c5b54062694a&tx_pure_pure5%5BshowType%5D=pub&cHash=dd528f46364a865cadf1b2b45f217880 Wray, K. B., Boschiero, L. Forskning Tue, 01 Nov 2016 20:33:07 +0100 624a827c-d0a0-498c-a0a2-c5b54062694a <![CDATA[Evaluating Scientists]]> https://css.au.dk/publications?tx_pure_pure5%5Baction%5D=single&tx_pure_pure5%5Bcontroller%5D=Publications&tx_pure_pure5%5Bid%5D=0ced4b3e-95ea-467e-ab09-1d993bcdd493&tx_pure_pure5%5BshowType%5D=pub&cHash=1a666e09d9c6cdafd4e4ed887ccf3eeb Wray, K. B. This chapter examines a variety of contexts in which scientists evaluate their peers and the impact such evaluations have on science. Section 4.2 draws the distinction between implicit and explicit judgments of competence and give examples of each sort of judgment. Section 4.3 reviews a number of studies that suggest scientists are influenced by nonepistemic values when they make explicit judgments of competence. In particular, scientists are affected by sexism and nepotism. Section 4.4 examines the epistemic consequences of scientists' biased explicit judgments of competence and focus on the adverse effects of nepotism. Section 4.5 explains why scientists are not prone to the same problems when making implicit judgments of competence.

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Forskning Thu, 01 Jan 2009 20:33:07 +0100 0ced4b3e-95ea-467e-ab09-1d993bcdd493
<![CDATA[Middle-aged scientists are most potent]]> https://css.au.dk/publications?tx_pure_pure5%5Baction%5D=single&tx_pure_pure5%5Bcontroller%5D=Publications&tx_pure_pure5%5Bid%5D=0eede185-47e9-4500-9b15-f2c5cf3c4a32&tx_pure_pure5%5BshowType%5D=pub&cHash=6d8caf32af2a26a4ddbc833610f0a83a Wray, K. B. Forskning Mon, 22 Nov 2004 20:33:07 +0100 0eede185-47e9-4500-9b15-f2c5cf3c4a32 <![CDATA[Exciting days]]> https://css.au.dk/publications?tx_pure_pure5%5Baction%5D=single&tx_pure_pure5%5Bcontroller%5D=Publications&tx_pure_pure5%5Bid%5D=e186cb81-e820-48c2-a596-f8fac5776e40&tx_pure_pure5%5BshowType%5D=pub&cHash=337b9886ea302d4389360dfbe8f70861 Boschiero, L., Wray, K. B. Forskning Wed, 01 Mar 2017 20:33:07 +0100 e186cb81-e820-48c2-a596-f8fac5776e40 <![CDATA[Metascience, 1 year later]]> https://css.au.dk/publications?tx_pure_pure5%5Baction%5D=single&tx_pure_pure5%5Bcontroller%5D=Publications&tx_pure_pure5%5Bid%5D=75731522-0b81-405d-8dea-860d217e254a&tx_pure_pure5%5BshowType%5D=pub&cHash=b74ab005d1a41b61f161933b81b6ee1a Wray, K. B., Boschiero, L. Forskning Tue, 01 Mar 2016 20:33:07 +0100 75731522-0b81-405d-8dea-860d217e254a <![CDATA[Older scientists get their due]]> https://css.au.dk/publications?tx_pure_pure5%5Baction%5D=single&tx_pure_pure5%5Bcontroller%5D=Publications&tx_pure_pure5%5Bid%5D=292c257b-6c13-43c2-a19c-1052b2bdc52f&tx_pure_pure5%5BshowType%5D=pub&cHash=35c5cdd136e2209ca1cbfd8ba0ef0ead Wray, K. B. Forskning Fri, 21 Nov 2014 20:33:07 +0100 292c257b-6c13-43c2-a19c-1052b2bdc52f <![CDATA[Introduction]]> https://css.au.dk/publications?tx_pure_pure5%5Baction%5D=single&tx_pure_pure5%5Bcontroller%5D=Publications&tx_pure_pure5%5Bid%5D=6cf10c39-f543-4012-a162-1e7d0ea6a9fb&tx_pure_pure5%5BshowType%5D=pub&cHash=1b5993f3e9a08c6b44ba3075f713552a Wray, K. B. The literature on collective belief and collective intentionality has grown rapidly and is now quite extensive. Philosophers have applied the concepts of “collective belief” and “collective intentionality” in a variety of contexts, including political and legal contexts as well as scientific contexts, specifically to model the behavior of research teams and scientific specialties.

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Forskning Fri, 01 Jan 2010 20:33:07 +0100 6cf10c39-f543-4012-a162-1e7d0ea6a9fb
<![CDATA[Why do team-authored papers get cited more? [4]]]> https://css.au.dk/publications?tx_pure_pure5%5Baction%5D=single&tx_pure_pure5%5Bcontroller%5D=Publications&tx_pure_pure5%5Bid%5D=9b481c26-3553-45b4-9dc4-56404ec50cef&tx_pure_pure5%5BshowType%5D=pub&cHash=8845e5af96c89083de980d2001cb40c8 Wray, K. B. Forskning Fri, 14 Sep 2007 20:33:07 +0200 9b481c26-3553-45b4-9dc4-56404ec50cef